The cornea is located in the front part of the eye. A healthy cornea is clear, like the crystal of a watch. It allows light to be focused on the back part of the eye.
Corneal transplantation, or keratoplasty, is recommended when the cornea becomes cloudy due to swelling or scarring.
Transplantation involves replacing the damaged cornea with a healthy one from a donor (usually through an eye bank).
During the procedure, an incision is made in the cornea. A disc of tissue is removed and replaced with healthy tissue; these discs may be thin (lamellar keratoplasty) or as deep as the entire cornea (penetrating keratoplasty). Local or general anesthesia may be used. The entire procedure lasts 60-90 minutes. Recently newer methods have been introduced (DSEK) which in appropriate patients can lead to faster recovery times.
Along with performing many cataract surgeries, Dr. Malik has performed corneal transplants on many individuals.