Comprehensive Eye Care in Rockford, Illinois
We provide comprehensive eye care to patients of all ages. Our services include not only small-incision cataract surgery with lens implant but also diagnosis and treatments for a range of conditions such as glaucoma, the diabetic eye, dry eye and macular degeneration.
Regular eye exams from your eye doctor are an invaluable tool in maintaining your eyes’ health by detecting and preventing disease. Some diseases, such as glaucoma, develop gradually without causing pain or vision loss, so patients may not notice that anything is wrong until significant and irreversible damage has been done. Early detection of eye diseases can allow for a choice of treatment options and reduced risk of permanent damage. Both Dr. Malik and Dr. Steinitz perform comprehensive eye examinations.
The most common eye conditions diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam involve refractive errors that cause blurry vision for patients. These conditions, which include myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia, affect millions of people in the US and can get progressively worse as patients age. Fortunately, refractive errors can be easily treated to let patients enjoy clear vision at all distances.
It is very common that cataracts can be the cause of blurry vision. Sometimes new glasses can help alleviate the blurriness cause by cataracts, but many times new glasses will not help. When the patient wishes to see better, cataract surgery with lens implant should be considered.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the U.S. It occurs when the pressure inside the eye rises, damaging the optic nerve and causing vision loss. The condition often develops over many years without causing pain or other noticeable symptoms – so you may not experience vision loss until the disease has progressed. Angle closure glaucoma, a less common cause of glaucoma, can cause eye redness, haloes around lights and pain and is a medical emergency.
The most common glaucoma in the United States, which is primary open angle glaucoma, actually has no symptoms at all until the very advanced stages. Unfortunately, once damage from glaucoma has happened it cannot be reversed, but it is still important to treat the glaucoma to prevent the eye from going completely blind. People at high risk include those who are over the age of 40, diabetic, near-sighted, African-American, or who have a family history of glaucoma.
To detect glaucoma, your physician will examine your optic nerve and visual field as well as the pressure in your eye. Regular eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight and to determine whether you may develop glaucoma.
Once diagnosed by your eye doctor, glaucoma can be controlled in most cases. Treatments to lower pressure in the eye include non-surgical methods such as prescription eye drops and medications, laser therapy, and surgery.
Macular Degeneration Treatment
Vision loss associated with macular degeneration. The macula is a part of the retina in the back of the eye that ensures that our central vision is clear and sharp. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) occurs when the arteries that nourish the retina harden. Deprived of nutrients, the retinal tissues begin to weaken and die, causing vision loss. Patients may experience anything from a blurry, gray or distorted area to a blind spot in the center of vision. AMD is the number-one cause of vision loss in the U.S. Macular degeneration by itself doesn’t cause total blindness because it doesn’t affect the peripheral vision. Possible risk factors include genetics, age, diet, smoking and sunlight exposure. Regular eye exams are highly recommended to detect macular degeneration early and prevent permanent vision loss.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
Symptoms of macular degeneration include:
- A gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly
- A gradual loss of color vision
- Distorted or blurry vision
- A dark or empty area appearing in the center of vision